Location and Neighborhood Factors are Powerful Attractors Driving Social Functioning
Washington, DC, April 16, 2012 Over the course of 40 years, Robert J. Sampson has been gathering massive amounts of sociological data about the USA's city of Chicago's neighborhoods. His study, published in his recent book, Great American City: Chicago and the Enduring Neighborhood Effect, challenges current orthodoxy and offers strong support for complex systems methods. Among other things he found that two coarse-grained social system properties drove neighborhood outcomes: collective efficacy, which relates to the personal value of membership such that the collective provides for individual and family safety and security needs, and organizational capacity for collective action.
Sampson, Robert J. (2012). Great American City: Chicago and the Enduring Neighborhood Effect. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.