Complexity & Society Books

Goldstein, J., Hazy, J. K., & Lichtenstein, B. (2010). Complexity and the Nexus of Leadership: leveraging nonlinear science to create ecologies of innovation. Englewood Cliffs: Palgrave Macmillan.

Goldstein, Jeffrey, Hazy, James K., Silberstang, J. (2009). Complexity Science and Social Entrepreneurship: Adding social value through systems thinking. Litchfield Park, AZ: ISCE Publishing.

Hazy, J. K., Goldstein, J. A. & Lichtenstein, B. B. (Eds.). (2007) Complex Systems Leadership Theory. Mansfield, MA: ISCE Publishers. Table of Contents 

Uhl-Bien, M & Marion, R. (Eds.) (2008) Complexity & Leadership, Volume I: Conceptual Foundations. Information Publishing Associates. Table of Contents

Complexity Theory Books

Cilliers, P. (1998). Complexity and postmodernism: Understanding complex systems. London: Routledge.

Coveney, P., & Highfield, R. (1995). Frontiers of complexity: The search for order in a chaotic world. New York: Fawcett Columbine.

Fonseca, J. (2002). Complexity and innovation in organizations. London: Routledge.

Gell-Mann, M. (1994). The quark and the jaguar. New York: W.H. Freeman.

Goodwin, B. (1994). How the leopard changed its spots: The evolution of complexity. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.

Holland, J. H. (1995). Hidden order. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.

Kauffman, S. A. (1995). At home in the universe: The search for the laws of self-organization and complexity. New York: Oxford University Press.

Levy, S. (1992). Artificial life: The quest for new creation. New York: Random House.

Lewin, R. (1999). Complexity: Life at the edge of chaos (2nd ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Kauffman, S. A. (1993). The origins of order. New York: Oxford University Press.

Marion, R. (1999). The edge of organization: Chaos and complexity theories of formal social organizations. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Stacey, R. D. (2001). Complex responsive processes in organizations: Learning and knowledge creation. London: Routledge.

Waldrop, M. M. (1992). Complexity: The emerging science at the edge of order and chaos. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Related Books

Sampson, Robert J. (2012). Great American City: Chicago and the Enduring Neighborhood Effect. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ABSTRACT

Journal Articles

Abrahamson, E., Rosenkopf, L. (1997). Social Network Effects on the Extent of Innovation Diffusion: A Computer Simulation. Organization Science, 8(3), 289-309. Abstract

Allen, P. (2001). What is complexity science? Knowledge of the limits to knowledge. Emergence: A Journal of Complexity Issues in Organizations and Management, 3(1), 24-44.

Anderson, P. (1999). Complexity theory and organization science. Organization Science, 10(3), 216-232. Abstract

Anderson, P., Meyer, A., Eisenhardt, K., Carley, K. and Pettigrew, A. (1999). Introduction to the special issue: Application of complexity theory to organization science. Organization Science, 10, 233-236

Balkundi, P., Kilduff, M. (2006). The ties that lead: A social network approach to leadership. Leadership Quarterly, 17, 419-439. Abstract


Boisot, M., & McKelvey, B. 2007. Extreme events, power laws, and adaptation: Towards an econphysics of organization. Academy of Management Conference Best Papers Proceedings, OMT.

Boland, R.J., Lyytinen, K., Yoo, Y. (2007). Wakes of Innovation in Project Networks: The Case of Digital 3-D Representations in Architecture, Engineering, and Construction. Organization Science, 18(4), 631-647. Abstract


Bonabeau, E., & Meyer, C. (2001). Swarm intelligence: A whole new way to think about business. Harvard Business Review, 79(5), 107-114.

Bradbury, H., Lichtenstein, B.M. (2000). Relationality in Organizational Research: Exploring The Space Between. Organization Science, 11(5), 551-564. Abstract


Brown, S., & Eisenhardt, K. 1997. The art of continuous change: Linking complexity theory and time-based evolution in relentlessly shifting organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly, 42: 1-34.

Carley, K. (1995). Communication technologies and their effect on cultural homogeneity, consensus, and the diffusion of new ideas. Sociological Perspectives, 38, 547-571. Abstract


Carley, K. (1997). Organizational adaptation. Annals of Operations Research, 75, 25-47. Abstract


Carley, K., & Lee, J. S. (1998). Dynamic organizations: Organizational adaptation in a changing environment. Advances in Strategic Management: A Research Annual, 15, 269-297.

Carley, K., Lee, J.-S., & Krackhardt, D. (2001). Destabilizing networks. Connections, 24(3), 31-34.

Chiles, T., Meyer, A., & Hench, T. 2004. Organizational emergence: The origin and transformation of Branson, Missouri's Musical Theaters. Organization Science, 15(5): 499-520.

Contractor, N.S., Wasserman, S., Faust, K. (2006). Testing Multitheoretical, Multilevel Hypotheses About Organizational Networks: An Analytic Framework and Empirical Example. Academy of Management Review, 31(3), 681-703. Abstract


Coveney, P. (2003). Self-organization and complexity: A new age for theory, computation and experiment. Paper presented at the Nobel symposium on self-organization, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.

Dooley, K. J. (1997). A complex adaptive systems model of organization change. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology and Life Sciences, 1(1), 69-97. Abstract


Garud, R., Kumaraswamy, A., & Sambamurthy, V. 2006. Emergent by design: Performance and transformation at Infosys Technologies. Organization Science, 17: 277-286.

Goldstein, J., & Hazy, J. (2006). Editorial Introduction to the Special Issue: From complexity to leadership and back to complexity. Emergence: Complexity and Organization (E:CO), 8(4), v-vii. Abstract


Hazy, J. K. (2004). Leadership in Complex Systems: Meta-Level Information Processing Capabilities that Bias Exploration and Exploitation. in  K. Carley (ED.) Proceedings fron NAACSOS Conference, June, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA. pdf 

Hazy, J. K. (2006). Measuring leadership effectiveness in complex socio-technical systems. Emergence: Complexity and Organization (E:CO), 8((3)), 58-77. Abstract. Hazy_2006_ECO_83.pdf

Hazy, J. K. (2007). Computer models of leadership: Foundation for a new discipline or meaningless diversion? The Leadership Quarterly, 18(4), 391-410. Abstract


Hazy, J. K. (2008) Toward a theory of leadership in complex systems: Computational modeling explorations. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, 12(3) 281-310. Abstract. Manuscript version

Hazy, J. K. (2010) Leads on mechanisms for evolutionary selection of cooperative structures. Institute for Research in Complexity and society Working Paper series Interpretive Brief: 09042010-01.copy

Hazy, J. K. (2011). Parsing the Influential Increment he Language of Complexity: Uncovering the Systemic Mechanisms of Leadership Influence. International Journal of Complexity in Leadership and Management, 1(2), 164-191.


Hazy, J. K. & Silberstang, J. (2009). Leadership within emergent events in complex systems: micro-enactments and the mechanisms of organisational learning and change. International Journal of learning and Change 3(3), 230-247. Abstract Manuscript version

Ibarra, H., Kilduff, M., Tsai, W. (2005). Zooming In and Out: Connecting Individuals and Collectives at the Frontiers of Organizational Network Research. Organization Science, 16(4), 359-371. Abstract


Kilduff, M., Tsai, W., Hanke, R. (2006). A Paradigm Too Far? A Dynamic Stability Reconsideration of the Social Network Research Program. Academy of Management Review, 31(4), 1031-1048. Abstract


Lichtenstein, B., 2000. Self-Organized Transitions: A Pattern Amidst the ‘Chaos’ of Transformative Change. 2001. Academy of Management Executive, 14 (4), 128-141.

Lichtenstein, B., Carter, N., Dooley, K., & Gartner, W. 2007. Complexity dynamics of nascent entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Venturing, 22: 236-261.

Lichtenstein, B. & Plowman, D.A., 2009. "The Leadership of emergence: A complex systems leadership theory of emergence at successive organizational levels." Leadership Quarterly, in press.

Lichtenstein, B. B., Uhl-Bien, M., Marion, R., Seers, A., Orton, J. D., & Schreiber, C. (2006). Complexity leadership theory: An interactive process on leading in complex adaptive systems. Emergence: Complexity and Organization (E:CO), 8(4), 2-12. Abstract

MacGillivray, A. (2010). Leadership in a network of communities: A phenomenographic study in The Learning Organization.Vol. 17 (1) pp. 24-40. Abstract


MacIntosh, R., & MacLean, D. 1999. Conditioned emergence: A dissipative structures approach to transformation. Strategic Management Journal, 20: 297-316.

Marion, R., & Uhl-Bien, M. (2001). Leadership in complex organizations. The Leadership Quarterly, 12(4), 389-418. Abstract


Marion, R., & Uhl-Bien, M. (2003). Complexity theory and Al Qaeda: Examining complex leadership. Emergence: A Journal of Complexity Issues in Organization and Management, 5(1), 54-76. Abstract


Maruyama, M. 1963. The second cybernetics. American Scientist, 51: 164-179.

McKelvey, B. 1999. Avoiding complexity catastrophe in coevolutionary pockets: Strategies for rugged landscapes. Organization Science, 10(3): 294-321. 

McKelvey, B. 2004. Toward a complexity science of entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Venturing, 19: 313-342.

Meyer, A.D., Gaba, V., Colwell, K.A. (2005). Organizing Far from Equilibrium: Nonlinear Change in Organizational Fields. Organization Science, 16(5), 456-473. Abstract


Nicholls-Nixon, C. (2005). Rapid growth and high performance: The entrepreneur's "impossible dream?" Academy of Management Executive, 19(1), 77-89.

Nowak, M. A., May, R. M., & Sigmund, K. (1995, June). The arithmetics of mutual help. Scientific American, 272, 76-81. Abstract


Perry-Smith, J.E. (2006). Social Yet Creative: The Role of Social Relationships in Facilitating Individual Creativity. Academy of Management Journal, 49(1), 85-101. Abstract


Peterson, M. F., & Meckler, M. R. (2001). Cuban-American entrepreneurs: Chance, complexity and chaos. Organization Studies, 22(1), 31-57. Abstract


Plowman, D., Baker, L. T., Beck, T., Kulkarni, M., Solansky, S., & Travis, D. (2007). Radical change accidentally: The emergence and amplification of small change. Academy of Management Journal, 50(3), 515-543. Abstract


Plowman, D., Baker, L. T., Beck, T., Kulkarni, M., Solansky, S., & Travis, D. (2007). The role of leadership in emergent, self-organization. The Leadership Quarterly. Abstract


Schneider, M., & Somers, M. (2006). Organizations as complex adaptive systems: Implications of complexity theory for leadership research. The Leadership Quarterly 17(4), 351-365. Abstract


Schreiber, C. and Carley, K. M. (2006). Leadership Style as an Enabler of Organizational Complex Functioning. Emergence: Complexity and Organization, 8(4). Abstract


Siggelkow, N. and Rivkin, J. (2005). Speed and search: Designing organizations for turbulence and complexity. Organization Science, 16, 101-122.

Silberstang, J. & Hazy, J. K. (2008). Toward a micro-enactment theory of leadership and the emergence of innovation. The Innovation Journal: The Public Sector Innovation Journal, 13(3), Article 5.

Solow, D., & Szmerekovsky, J. G. (2006). The role of leadership: What management science can give back to the study of complex systems. Emergence: Complexity and Organization, 8(4), 52-60. Abstract

Stacey, R. D. (1995). The science of complexity: An alternative perspective for strategic change processes. Strategic Management Journal, 16, 477-495. Abstract

Surie, G., & Hazy, J. K. (2006). Generative leadership: Nurturing innovation in complex systems. Emergence: Complexity and Organization (E:CO), 8(4), 13-26. Abstract Surie_HazyECO84Proof.pdf


Uhl-Bien, M., & Marion, R. (2009). Complexity leadership in bureaucratic forms of organizing: A meso model. The Leadership Quarterly, 20, 631–650. Abstract

Uhl-Bien, M., Marion, R., & McKelvey, B. (2007). Complexity Leadership Theory: Shifting leadership from the industrial age to the knowledge era. The Leadership Quarterly. Abstract


Vera, D., Crossan, M. (2005). Improvisation and Innovative Performance in Teams. Organization Science, 16(3), 203-224. 

Woodman, R.W., Sawyer, J.E., & Griffin, R.W. (1993). Toward a Theory of Organizational Creativity. Academy of Management Review, 18(2), 293-321. Abstract


Selected Book Chapters

Carley, K. (2002). Intra-organizational complexity and computation. In J. A. C. Baum (Ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Organizations (pp. 208-232). Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishers.

Carley, K. (1996). Organizational learning and personnel turnover. In M. D. Cohen & L. S. Sproull (Eds.), Organizational Learning. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Carley, K. (1999). On the evolution of social and organizational networks. In S. Bacharach, D. Knoke & S. B. Andrews (Eds.), Research in the Sociology of Organizations: Networks In and Around Organizations (Vol. 16, pp. 3-30). Greenwich, CN: JAI Press, Inc.

Dooley, K. J. (2004). Complexity science models of organizational change. In S. Poole & A. V. de Ven (Eds.), Handbook of organizational change and development (pp. 454-473). New York: Oxford University Press.

Goldstein, J. A., Hazy, J. K., & Silberstang, J. (2009). Complexity and Social Entrepreneurship: A Future of Possibilities. In Goldstein, J. A., Hazy, J. K., & Silberstang, J (Eds.). Complexity Science and Social Entrepreneurship. (pp. ). Mansfield: ISCE Publishing.

Goldstein, J. A., Hazy, J. K., & Silberstang, J. (2009). Complexity Science & Social Entrepreneursh: Editorial Introduction. In Goldstein, J. A., Hazy, J. K., & Silberstang, J (Eds.). Complexity Science & Social Entrepreneursh. (pp. ). Mansfield: ISCE Publishing.

Hazy, James K. (2010). More Than a Metaphor: Complexity and the New Rules of Management. In Allen, P., Maguire, S., & McKelvey, B (Eds.). SAGE Handbook of Complexity and Management. (pp. ). London: Sage.

Hazy, James K., & Joyce Silberstang. (2009). The emergence of social identity as a means for creating and sustaining social value. In Goldstein, J. A., Hazy, J.K., & Silberstang, J. (Eds.). Complexity Science and Social Entrepreneurship: Adding social value through systems thinking. (pp. ). Mansfield: ISCE Publishing.

Hazy, J. K., Moskalev, S., & Torras, M. (2009). Toward a theory of social value creation: Individual agency and the use of information within nested dynamical systems. In Goldstein, J. A., Hazy, J. K., & Silberstang, J. (Eds.). Complexity Science and Entrepreneurship. (pp. ). Mansfield: ISCE Publishing.

Hazy, James K. (2009). Game-Changing Leadership Through Social Networks in Complex Systems. In G. B. Graen, & J. A. Graen (Eds.). Predator's Game-Changing Designs: Research Based Tools - Volume 7 LMX Leadership: The Series. (pp. ). Charlotte: Information Age Publishers.

Hazy, James K. (2009). Innovation Reordering: Five principles for leading continuous renewal. In Schlomer, S. & Tomaschek, N. (Eds.). Leading in Complexity: New Ways of Management. (pp. 300). Seiten: Verlag fur Systemische Forschung.

Hazy, J. K., Goldstein, J., & Lichtenstein, B. B. (2007). Complex systems leadership theory: An introduction. In J. K. Hazy, J. Goldstein, & B. B. Lichtenstein (Eds.), Complex Systems Leadership Theory. Mansfield, MA: ISCE Publishing Company.

MacGillivray, A. (2010). Metaphors from Nature for Knowledge Work in a Complex World. In A. Tait & K. Richardson (Eds.), Complexity and Knowledge Management: Understanding the Role of Knowledge in the Management of Social Networks. Charlotte: Information Age Publishing. (pp. 201-216).

Marion, R., & Uhl-Bien, M. (2007). Complexity and strategic leadership. In R. Hooijberg, J. Hunt, K. Boal, and J. Antonakis (Eds.), Being there even when you are not: Leading through strategy, structure, and systems. Monographs in Leadership and Management (Vol. 4) (pp. 273-287). Amsterdam: Elsevier Publishing Company. Abstract


McKelvey, B. (in press). Emergent strategy via complexity leadership: Using complexity science and adaptive tension to build distributed intelligence. In M. Uhl-Bien & R. Marion (Eds.), Complexity and Leadership, Volume I: Conceptual Foundations. Thousand Oaks: Sage. Abstract

McKelvey, B. (2003). Emergent order in firms: Complexity science vs. The entanglement trap. In E. Mitleton-Kelly (Ed.), Complex systems and evolutionary perspectives on organizations (pp. 99-125). Amsterdam, NL: Elsevier Science.

Panzar, C., Hazy, J. K., McKelvey, B., & Schwandt, D. R. (2007). The paradox of complex organizations: Leadership as integrative influence. In J. K. Hazy, J. Goldstein & B. B. Lichtenstein (Eds.), Complex Systems Leadership Theory (pp. 345-370). Mansfield, MA: ISCE Publishing Company.

Plowman, D., & Duchon, D. (in press). Dispelling the myths about leadership: From cybernetics to emergence. In M. Uhl-Bien, R. Marion., & P. J. Hanges (Eds.), Toward a complexity theory of organization and leadership. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.

Schreiber, C. and Carley K. M. (in press). Network Leadership: Leading for Learning and Adaptability. In M. Uhl-Bien, & R. Marion (Eds.), Complexity and Leadership Volume I: Conceptual Foundations. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Younger, S. (2010), Leadership in Small Societies, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, 13(3), 5.

Abstract at <>

Articles of Interest

Goldstein, J. A. (1996). Causality and emergence in chaos and complexity theories. In W. Sullis (Ed.), Nonlinear dynamics and human behavior. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing. [Is this a book?]

Goldstein, J., Hazy, J. K., Silberstang, J., & Schultz, R. (16 September 2009). Social Entrepreneurship Has Complexity Science Written All Over It. Skoll Foundation International Social Innovation Research Conference , Oxford University, Oxford, UK.

Microsoft Word - GoldsteinHazySilberstangSchultz final 6-24-09-Submitted.pdf


Hazy, James K. (12 August 2009). Leadership through Social Networks. Academy of Management, Chicago, Illinois, 29.

Hazy, J. K (09 August 2009). Complexity in Human Systems. Academy of Management - PDW, Chicago, Illinois.

Hazy, James K. & Silberstang, J. (10 August 2008). Leadership within Emergent Events in Complex Systems: Micro-Enactments and the Mechanisms of Organizational Learning and Change. Academy of Management Annual Meeting, Anaheim, CA, 35.

Kolling, N., Behrens, T. E. J., Mars, R. B.,& Rushworth, M. F. S. (2012). Neural Mechanisms of Foraging. Science 226, 95-98.

Liang, Z. S., Nguyen, T., Mattila, H. R., Rodriguez-Zas, S.L., Seeley, T. D., & Robinson, G.E. (2012) Molecular Determinants of Scouting Behavior in Honety Bees. Science, (335), 1225-1228.

Journal Special Issues on Complexity and Leadership

Marion, R., & Uhl-Bien, M. (Eds.). (2007). Complexity and Leadership [Special Issue]. The Leadership Quarterly, 18(4).

Goldstein, J & Hazy, J. K. (Eds.). (2006). Complexity and Leadership [Special issue]. Emergence: Complexity and Organization, 8(4). Table of Contents.

Stig Johannsen, S. O. (Eds.). (2009).Complexity, Leadership and Change Processes {Special Issue]. International Journal of learning and Change, 3(3).

Gardner, W. L. & Cogliser, C. C. (Eds.). (2009). Meso-Modeling of Leadership [Special Issue]. The Leadership Quarterly, 20(4).


Google Scholar