One of the foundational aspects of complexity science is the mathematics and mathematical  physics that was developed over the last century.  Although formal coursework in the fields of mathematics described would be the best preparation for research into complexity as applied to human interaction dynamics, The area of this Website in intended to be a window into some of the most common and useful methods applied in the field.

Dynamical Systems are mathematical models which represent the progression of the states of a system through time. The most commonly used systems in physics are conservative systems, wherein some factor such as energy or electric charge is conserved.  Read more

Other system do not conserve a particular quantity and are called dissipative systems.  Read more.